- How do Flour Mills work?
- What were the 3 social classes of the feudal system?
- What social class is the Miller?
- What social class is the Wife of Bath?
- What did peasants have for dinner?
- What are grinding stones used for?
- Is Miller an Irish name?
- What did a medieval Miller do?
- What is a rotary Quern stone used for?
- What is a millstone around neck mean?
- Is Miller a German last name?
- What does a Miller wear?
- What does Miller stand for?
- How does the miller cheat his customers?
- How does a medieval mill work?
- Is Miller a boy or girl name?
- How does a stone grinder work?
How do Flour Mills work?
The grain is lifted in sacks onto the sack floor at the top of the mill on the hoist.
The sacks are then emptied into bins, where the grain falls down through a hopper to the millstones on the stone floor below.
A similar process is used for grains such as wheat to make flour, and for maize to make corn meal..
What were the 3 social classes of the feudal system?
Medieval writers classified people into three groups: those who fought (nobles and knights), those who prayed (men and women of the Church), and those who worked (the peasants). Social class was usually inherited. In Europe in the Middle Ages, the vast majority of people were peasants. Most peasants were serfs.
What social class is the Miller?
The drunk, swearing Miller represents an individual of both low class and low character. His interrupting the Host, insulting the Knight, and taking the Monk’s place would have been shocking behavior in Chaucer’s time. Chaucer used this scenario to challenge the social order, especially the clergy.
What social class is the Wife of Bath?
Alisoun, the Wife of Bath, is a wealthy middle-class woman. Although in the United States, we associate wealth with being upper class, in medieval Britain (as today), to be in the upper classes one’s family had to be aristocratic (or a royal), which meant deriving their income from a landed estate.
What did peasants have for dinner?
The peasants’ main food was a dark bread made out of rye grain. They ate a kind of stew called pottage made from the peas, beans and onions that they grew in their gardens. Their only sweet food was the berries, nuts and honey that they collected from the woods. Peasants did not eat much meat.
What are grinding stones used for?
A grindstone is a round sharpening stone used for grinding or sharpening ferrous tools. Grindstones are usually made from sandstone. Grindstone machines usually have pedals for speeding up and slowing down the stone to control the sharpening process.
Is Miller an Irish name?
Miller is an occupational name meaning ‘grain-grinder’, from a person who made his living grinding grain at a mill. Variants include Millar and Milner. … In Ireland this name and its variants were introduced into Ulster Province by settlers who arrived from England and Scotland, especially during the seventeenth century.
What did a medieval Miller do?
Millers either rented the mill from the lord of the manor, or collected the tolls and payments for the lord if employed by him. Some mills were by bridges and the miller would also collect the tolls from those crossing the bridge. Peasants had to pay a multure to have their grain ground.
What is a rotary Quern stone used for?
It was used to grind grain into flour for domestic purposes. The two circular stones fit together with the top mobile stone, called the handstone, rotating over the bottom stationary stone, called the quern thereby grinding any grain between them.
What is a millstone around neck mean?
A heavy burden, as in Julie finds Grandma, who is crabby, a millstone around her neck. The literal hanging of a millstone about the neck is mentioned as a punishment in the New Testament (Matthew 18:6), causing the miscreant to be drowned.
Is Miller a German last name?
The Miller surname is thought to have originated in Bavaria, Germany. As hereditary surnames began to be adopted in that area beginning in the 12th century, people were often identified by the kind of work they did. Miller is an occupational name for a miller, derived from the Old Germanic “Mulinari.”
What does a Miller wear?
The miller would wear an apron made of the same canvas or cotton duck that the flour sacks would be made of. Often these were made by the miller’s wife. The miller’s wife also in sewing his shirts would sometimes embroider things below the split of the neck opening.
What does Miller stand for?
The standard modern word represents the northern Middle English term, an agent derivative of mille ‘mill’, reinforced by Old Norse mylnari (see Milner). In southern, western, and central England, Millward (literally, ‘mill keeper’) was the usual term.
How does the miller cheat his customers?
The Miller grinds grain at the mill to produce flour and meal. He is dishonest, however, and Chaucer says the Miller has ‘a thombe of gold. ‘ In other words, he places a heavy thumb on the scales to cheat his customers.
How does a medieval mill work?
Mills were an invention of the era and were built to pump water and grind grain. The village mill housed a machine to grind a cereal crop to make flour.
Is Miller a boy or girl name?
Miller as a boy’s name is pronounced MIL-er. It is of Old English origin, and the meaning of Miller is “one who grinds grain”.
How does a stone grinder work?
Millstones come in pairs. The base or bedstone is stationary. Above the bedstone is the turning runner stone which actually does the grinding. The runner stone spins above the stationary bedstone creating the “scissoring” or grinding action of the stones.